Over at the Patheos Public Square discussion, Timothy O’Malley hits it out of the park, saying what’s needed to be said bluntly for some time about Millennials in the Church (and really, in my opinion, anyone under 40).
Last week, we considered ways to grow human capital in parish life–and those ideas would certainly apply to all generations. Today I want to hone in specifically on generations and leadership.
O’ Malley writes:
Rather than study millennials as some foreign entity in our midst, the Church would do well to employ their particular genius for our time.
“Foreign entity in our midst” is spot on. Every time (and it’s often) I hear others talk about how “we need to pay more attention to such-and-such generation because they are the future of the Church,” I cringe.
Fr. Michael White and Tom Corcoran dispel this well-meaning (but false) idea that we do youth ministry, young adult ministry, etc…for the future, explaining, “Students…are an important part of the Church right now. God very much desires a growing relationship with them and has granted them gifts and talents to serve him and his family” (Rebuilding Youth Ministry, vii).
The future is now. We’re right here. Holy Scripture and the saints show us that God doesn’t have a minimum age requirement when it comes to being an instrument of his Spirit.
While an increasing number of parishes and ministries acknowledge and live out the reality that people from all generations are in need of life-changing relationship with Jesus Christ that leads to discipleship, what about ministerial leadership?
Increasing Generational Diversity in Ministerial Leadership
As Jonathan Sullivan observed, “In some corners of the Church there is a consistent undertone directed towards young adults that we are there to learn or be learned about, rather than having anything meaningful to say on our own behalf.” And even in volunteer settings, as Chris Wesley explains, “If parish leaders think about young people at all, they usually consider ways to entertain them or to get their help with projects that other people have decided are good ideas” (Rebuilding Youth Ministry, 2).
In short, sometimes leadership is equated to age, rather than attributes.
O’Malley summarizes these sentiments from academia to parish life:
“the problem in today’s Church is a reticence to invite these very millennials into positions of leadership. National ministry organizations, as well as the USCCB, continue to bemoan the absence of millennials in the Church only to pass over the remarkable millennials already in the Church. Catholic universities seem at times unwilling to employ these post-ideological millennials as faculty members and staff, changing the tenure of the discussion relative to Catholic identity. Parishes often see these millennial Catholics as passive recipients for the reception of sacramental grace, rather than active disciples, who could be catalysts for parish life — preachers and teachers for the present generation.”
Addressing Mismatch From Two Perspectives
1. Young adult Catholics need to apply for leadership positions—even if they’ve never seen anyone who looks/talks/acts like them culturally or generationally in the job before.
Younger generations are not underrepresented in youth ministry. An unscientific (but still valuable) survey in 2013-14 from Catholic Student Ministry revealed an average age of 30 for Catholic youth ministers. 35 percent of these Youth Ministers have degrees in ministry (or related fields). I wonder, how many of these youth ministers felt that the position of “Youth Minister” was the best fit for their knowledge, experience, and vision. Might some of these lay ministers have talent in strategic planning and coaching/consulting and be better suited for a diocesan coordinator position? Might some be excellent administrators? Could a qualified 30-year old parish Director of Faith Formation oversee direct reporting staff (who might happen to be older)? Absolutely–this happens regularly in the corporate, military, and nonprofit sectors.
Has nearly every mega-parish DRE you’ve met been a woman in her 50s? Don’t worry about the stereotype, Mr. “Late-20s with Managerial Experience,” you should apply.
Does the position description for a diocesan director of evangelization ask for 5-10 years of parish experience? And you only have four years of experience (and it’s not in a parish)–don’t let that stop you–apply!
There’s nothing wrong with Youth Ministry. Some are spiritually gifted and called to it. But other talented, faithful young ministerial leaders are youth ministers simply because it’s the status quo. The expectation. It’s where “people like them” usually work.
Now for the other side of the mismatch…
2. Dioceses and parishes need to build up their applicant pools.
Let’s look at an example where there is significant under-representation. The University of Notre Dame’s Institute for Church Life’s Catholic Social and Pastoral Research Initiative has an excellent study profiling diocesan offices of religious education.
Here’s what we know about the age of diocesan catechetical directors:
Yikes. Not so good for those under age 40. And there’s really no reason for this–a quick skim of diocese-level job openings shows KSAPs (knowledge, skills, abilities, and personal characteristics) that realistically match the backgrounds of many Catholics in their mid-20s and beyond. [Note: I say mid-20s and beyond, because most diocese or senior-level parish job openings ask for anywhere from 5 to 10 years experience. Someone in their mid-20s active in volunteer ministry during college could be in the ballpark.]
The study also reported that 75 percent of directors have a masters degree and 20 percent a doctorate. Again, if a masters degree is the norm, this is very attainable by the mid/late 20s. On the whole, the qualification (KSAPs) in diocesan job descriptions are analagous to many managerial and leadership roles in corporations and nonprofits, and many of these other organizations do manage to fill them with highly qualified young adults in their mid-20s and 30s.
Dioceses and parishes can be proactive and recruit in order to enlarge applicant pools.
As nonprofit executive Rob Waldron comments:
“More than 80 percent of [our] hires were people we approached with a “warm” or sometimes “cold” call first, rather than people who directly applied. We are committed to spending the time to find the best—often through research or references. One trick has been to ask each new person we hire, “Who are the top five people you have ever worked with, in any capacity, during your professional life?” We keep this list and use it as our source for recruiting many candidates.”
Even if you’re just looking to fill one or two positions (not hundreds, like Waldron), go out and build the applicant pool. Having the right people matters more than having the right curriculum/website/etc.–so invest time recruiting. Use existing staff to generate leads. The best person for the job might not even be looking for one.
Waldron offers further advice: Hire people, not positions–“great people seem to fit in well anywhere.” Don’t be afraid to let a job opening sit for a while. It’s okay to hire someone who’s a little bit different than your posted description, but can make a great contribution to your ministry.
This dovetails with Monisha Kapila’s observations:
“Many nonprofit job descriptions include narrow requirements around education, work experience, or industry experience. This approach limits access to strong candidates who could bring diverse experiences.”
Does that sound like your DRE or Director position? Do a solid job analysis and identify the KSAPs for excellence–write these into your posting, not all the “other stuff” that mostly describes what past candidates have looked like.
Finally, go where qualified younger candidates might be found. Posting a job description isn’t enough–remember, that younger leader isn’t sure an organization like you might ever hire someone like them. Ask around at activities/events targeting young adults. Find masters degree programs to recruit from. You’re not trying to recruit someone to hire, necessarily–you’re recruiting to thicken your applicant pool, so you can then make the best selection. Giving a nudge to a 30-something young adult who is a mid-level manager in a local nonprofit and who has 10 years of involvement in small group ministry as a volunteer is letting him or her know that yes, you’re the kind of person who might interview well for a director position.
Owning the Challenge
Despite popular perceptions, the Catholic Church’s organizational structure is extremely decentralized. Canonically, every parish can stand alone in many aspects of administration/management. Every diocese can adopt different priorities. We have to take ownership of this challenge. Those who work in parishes, those who work in dioceses, young adults, those who know young adults, etc. It’s everyone’s problem when perception may be all that’s blocking us from moving toward more optimal ministerial hires.